262 từ vựng SAT bạn nhất định phải nắm trong quá trình ôn thi

Khi nói về ngôn ngữ SAT gần như tất cả các bạn học sinh đều ngay lập tức nghĩ đến từ vựng. Để nói một cách khách quan, từ vựng đóng một vai trò thực sự quan trọng. Mặc dù thủ thuật đoán từ có thể “cứu” bạn trong một số trường hợp, việc trau dồi vốn từ vựng cho bản thân là điều không thể bỏ qua. Nếu bạn đang muốn đạt được điểm cao, bạn chắc chắn phải dành nhiều thời gian học những từ vựng quan trọng trong kỳ thi này.

Trong bài viết này, chúng mình đã tổng hợp một danh sách bao gồm 262 từ vựng thông dụng nhất trong kỳ thi SAT. Chúng mình cũng sẽ giải thích từ vựng trong kỳ thi SAT sẽ được đánh giá như thế nào, dạng câu hỏi nào bạn thường gặp, và làm sao để tận dụng tối đa khả năng của bạn để học từ vựng một cách hợp lý nhất.

1. Từ vựng trong SAT được kiểm tra như thế nào?

Với sự đổi mới của kỳ thi SAT vào năm 2016, từ vựng trở nên ít quan trọng hơn trong việc đánh giá. Lý do là vì có ít câu hỏi liên quan đến từ vựng hơn trong bài thi SAT hiện tại so với phiên bản cũ hơn.

Tuy vậy, học từ vựng vẫn mang lại lợi ích to lớn đối với bạn, đặc biệt khi bạn đặt mục tiêu đạt điểm cao hoặc điểm tuyệt đối.

Tất cả từ vựng SAT đều có độ khó trung bình và được đánh giá qua ngữ cảnh của toàn bộ bài đọc, vì vậy bạn cần phải đọc toàn bộ đoạn văn hoặc bài văn để hiểu chứ không phải chỉ cần đọc một câu chứa từ đó.

Những manh mối từ ngữ cảnh khiến việc ghi nhớ từ vựng SAT trở nên ít quan trọng hơn trong bài thi SAT hiện tại so với bài SAT cũ, khi mà bạn phải nhớ hàng tá từ vựng mơ hồ và trả lời các câu hỏi được tách riêng. Điều này khiến các câu hỏi về từ vựng trở nên rất khó khăn vì bạn không có ngữ cảnh để giải đáp chúng.

2. Những câu hỏi về từ vựng SAT là như thế nào?

Những câu hỏi về từ vựng đơn thuần không chiếm phần lớn trong bài thi SAT. Dựa vào phân tích trong bài official SAT practice tests, 13% của phần Reading (khoảng 7 câu) sẽ yêu cầu bạn nổi từ cho trước với nghĩa của chúng. Đó là những câu hỏi Words in Context.

Với dạng câu hỏi này, bạn sẽ cần biết nghĩa khác của những từ phổ biến, ví dụ như “directly” và “hold”. Trong khi bạn có thể gặp những từ tương đối khó trong SAT, sẽ chẳng có nhiều từ khó như những từ trong bài SAT cũ.

Đây là một ví dụ của câu hỏi từ vựng trong phần Reading (đi kèm với đoạn văn liên quan):

Bên cạnh dạng câu hỏi Words in Context, bạn sẽ gặp những câu yêu cầu bạn chọn một từ hoặc cụm từ duy nhất để diễn giải hoặc làm rõ một phần của đoạn văn. Với những câu như vậy, bạn cần biết tất cả các từ vựng để chọn được câu trả lời đúng.

Đây là một vài ví dụ:

A sample SAT question with single vocab words as answer choices. (Source: Official SAT Practice Test #1)
A sample SAT question with phrases as answer choices. (Source: Official SAT Practice Test #2)

Trong những ví dụ trên, bạn cần biết nghĩa của rất nhiều từ vựng SAT, ví dụ như là “substantiated,” “freewheeling,” “scandalous,” để trả lời đúng.

3. Có câu hỏi về từ vựng nào trong phần Writing không?

Bên cạnh phần Reading, liệu có câu hỏi kiểm tra từ vựng trong phần Writing and Language không? Câu trả lời là Có.

Dù đa số các câu hỏi sẽ tập trung vào ngữ pháp, các thì, bạn vẫn sẽ gặp được những câu hỏi yêu cầu thay thế từ trong đoạn văn; Đó là những câu hỏi Precision. Tổng cộng, bạn sẽ gặp 3 câu dạng Precision, chiếm khoảng 7% trong phần Writing.

Đây là các ví dụ về dạng câu hỏi Precision:

262 từ vựng SAT bạn sẽ gặp trong ngày kiểm tra

Bạn đã biết các dạng câu hỏi từ vựng trong SAT, giờ hãy thử xem 262 từ và định nghĩa chúng mình khuyên bạn nên nhớ nếu bạn muốn đạt điểm cao trong phần Reading và Writing nhé.


Để biên soạn được danh sách này, chúng mình đã xem tất cả những bài SAT practice tests chính thức, cả phần Reading và Writing (không chỉ các câu hỏi mà cả đáp án và đoạn văn). Chúng mình cũng đã xem phần từ vựng SAT trong danh sách từ online.

Mặc dù bạn không cần phải nhớ tất cả các từ phía dưới, làm quen với chúng sẽ giúp bạn chọn được câu trả lời đúng dễ hơn.

Phía dưới là các từ, loại từ, định nghĩa và ví dụ. Tất cả đều được sắp xếp theo bảng chữ cái.

WordDefinitionExample Sentence
Abatev. to become less active, less intense, or less in amountAs I began my speech, my feelings of nervousness quickly abated.
Abstractadj. existing purely in the mind; not representing actual realityJulie had trouble understanding the appeal of the abstract painting.
Abysmaladj. extremely badI got an abysmal grade on my research paper!
Accordinglyadv. in accordance withAll students must behave accordingly.
Acquisitionn. the act of gaining a skill or possession of somethingLanguage acquisition is easier for kids than it is for adults.
Adaptv. to make suit a new purposev. to accommodate oneself to a new condition, setting, or situationThe US has adapted many foreign foods to better suit the tastes of Americans.Dogs are known for their ability to quickly adapt to their environments.
Adeptadj. having knowledge or skill (usu. in a particular area)Beth loves playing the piano, but she’s especially adept at the violin.
Adequateadj. having sufficient qualifications to meet a specific task or purposeThough his resume was adequate, the company doubted whether he’d be a good fit.
Adventn. the arrival or creation of something (usu. historic)The world has never been the same since the advent of the light bulb.
Adversarialadj. relating to hostile oppositionAn adversarial attitude will make you many enemies in life.
Advocaten. someone who promotes or defends somethingv. to defend or promote something (usu. a belief, theory, opinion, etc.)I am an advocate for free higher education.Environmental protesters often advocatefor cleaner energy practices.
Aestheticadj. relating to beauty or refined tasteThe aesthetic decorations at the wedding reception made you feel as if you were a character in a fairy tale.
Affordv. to be able to buyv. to be able to spareHe’s saving money so he can afford to buy a new car.I can’t afford to lose any more pencils!
Agitatev. to promote something (usu. a cause)They’re agitating for better health care.
Allowv. to permit or consent toUS law allows citizens to speak freely.
Alludev. to make a secretive mention of somethingShe alluded to the problem at hand but didn’t say anything more about it.
Altercationn. a noisy argument or confrontationGreg got into an altercation with a stranger at the bar.
Ambiguousadj. unclear or vague in meaningHer ambiguous statement made me question whether she could be trusted.
Ambitiousadj. having a powerful desire for success or achievementPenny is so ambitious, she wants to be president someday.
Ambivalencen. the state of being uncertain or stuck between two or more optionsHis ambivalence prevented him from immediately signing the contract.
Analogousadj. similar but not identicalGreen onions are considered analogous to spring onions.
Annihilatev. to destroy or cause devastating destructionThe dictator sent orders to annihilate the group of rebels.
Anomalyn. something different from the normThis result is an anomaly and very rarely happens.
Anticipatev. assume to be likely to happenThe party was just as fun as I had anticipated it would be.
Antipathyn. a strong feeling of dislikeHer antipathy toward the professor was obvious: she rolled her eyes whenever he entered the classroom.
Apexn. the highest point of somethingThe spring play was the apex of our school year.
Apprehensionn. fearful expectation of somethingHer apprehension to leave her house resulted in her missing the train.
Articulatev. to clearly express in wordsShe articulated her opinion on the price of the house.
Artificialadj. something made; not occurring naturallyMany candies use artificial flavors to make them taste fruity.
Assertionn. a strong declarationHis assertion that sharks are mammals made everyone laugh.
Austereadj. extremely plainadj. stern and forbiddingadj. relating to self-denialHe lived in a small, austere cabin in the middle of the woods.My boss had an austere expression on her face.An austere lifestyle, like that of monks, isn’t for everybody.
Authenticityn. the quality of being real and true instead of fake and contrivedThe police officer doubted the authenticity of the suspect’s story.
Avenuen. an intangible path or approach to somethingThe company has decided to pursue other avenues.
Avidadj. actively interested in or enthusiastic about somethingGerald is an avid soccer fan.
Basicadj. relating to the foundation or basis of somethingYou have to start with basic Russian before you can move on to the advanced level.
Bearv. to have as a characteristicv. to have (a child)v. to bring forthv. to put up withShe bears a strong resemblance to your mother.Judy will bear her first child last year.My garden is going to bear pumpkins this year.I can’t bear her complaining any longer!
Benevolentadj. kind, generousMany cultures believe in benevolent spirits.
Biasn. a preconception that prevents objectivityIt’s important to avoid bias when investigating a crime.
Bittersweetadj. tinged with a feeling of sadnessThe ending of the romance movie was bittersweet.
Bolsterv. to support, strengthen, or fortifyIf we work together, we should be able to lift and then bolster the couch.
Boostn. an increase or growthv. to increase or make growThe boost in profits was a welcome change.In order to boost profits, you need to cater to your customers.
Brawln. an intense, loud fightv. to fight loudly and disruptivelyA brawl broke out at school today after one student accused another of cheating.The two students brawled for an hour.
Brevityn. the quality of being brief or terseThe brevity of their time together made it all the more romantic.
Candidadj. direct, bluntJosh is candid about his desire to become an actor.
Candorn. the trait of being honest and frankI admire her candor, especially when nobody else bothers to speak up.
Capitalizev. to use to your advantageI’d like to capitalize on your math skills by having your work the cash register.
Capturev. to trap or take possession ofv. to successfully represent or imitatev. to captivate, mesmerizev. to catch or seizeThe spy was captured by the enemy.Your painting beautifully captures the ephemerality of life.I was captured by her beauty.The cops captured the criminal three days after the incident.
Civicadj. relating to the city or citizensVoting is a civic duty.
Clinicaladj. emotionally unattached (usu. used in medical or scientific setting)Her clinical approach to situations allows her to handle them more effectively.
Cloutn. special advantage or powerChildren of rich and famous people often believe they have a lot of clout.
Coarseadj. indicating a rough textureadj. lacking refinement or sophisticationThe horse’s mane was coarse, as if it had never been washed.The queen’s coarse way of speaking surprised the other members of royalty.
Coincidev. to happen at the same timeIt wasn’t until after I booked my ticket that I realized the concert coincided with my finals.
Commissionn. the use of payment to request something (e.g., a service or product)This painting was commissioned by a rich merchant in 1589.
Comparableadj. able to be comparedThis novel is comparable to Huckleberry Finn.
Competentadj. sufficiently qualifiedWe need to hire a competent web developer to create a good website for our company.
Complacentadj. satisfied, with no desire to change or improveThough he had never won any awards or even been published, he was complacent with his life as a poet.
Complementv. to make perfect or completeThis wine perfectly complements this platter of gourmet cheese.
Concedev. to be forced to agree or surrenderv. to admit to a transgressionWith no chance of winning the battle, the army at last conceded.Dan conceded to pranking his sister.
Conceivev. to imagine or come up withThe plan to build the city was originally conceived in the early 1900s.
Condonev. to overlook, approve, or allowShe couldn’t condone her daughter’s rebellious behavior.
Conduciveadj. able to bring about or be suitable forThe noisy students hardly made the campus library conducive to studying.
Conductv. to control or managev. to behave a certain wayThe group conducted their research abroad last year.Be sure to conduct yourself accordingly.
Confidev. to share something secretive with someoneShe confided all of her biggest secrets in her best friend.
Confinev. to put limits on; to restrictWe are going to confine the use of this drinking fountain.
Consensusn. overall agreementAfter weeks of debating, the panel finally came to a consensus.
Constitutev. to form or compose (part of) somethingThe desire for equality constituted the civil rights movement.
Contemplatev. to think deeply aboutShe contemplated telling her teacher about the cheating student.
Contendv. to maintain or assert (an opinion)The president contends that the US government will not negotiate with terrorists.
Contradictv. to be in contrast withThe camera footage contradicts his alibi.
Controversialadj. highly debatable and causing contentionMillions of viewers watched the controversial debate take place.
Conventionaladj. abiding by accepted standardsShe lives a conventional life in the suburbs.
Conveyv. to pass on or transfer (information)I have trouble conveying my thoughts in French.
Convictionn. a firm belief in somethingHer religious convictions prevent her from eating meat.
Corroboratev. to provide evidence for; to back up (a claim)The note signed by her father corroborates her claim that she was absent from class that day.
Counteractv. to work in opposition toThis ingredient seems to counteract the other ones.
Counterargumentn. an argument used to criticize or dismantle another argumentMake sure to include a counterargument in your essay so that you can show you’ve considered the topic from all perspectives.
Counterproductiveadj. hindering the achievement of a goalBill’s idea to take a shortcut was ultimately counterproductive: it took us twice as long to get to the train station.
Culminationn. the final act or climaxThe culmination of the performance was unforgettable.
Cultivatev. to foster the growth ofTeachers don’t just pass on new information to students—they cultivate their academic potential.
Decreev. to declare formally and with authorityThe president decreed that Halloween would henceforth be a national holiday.
Deferencen. respect; regardHer deference to the elderly makes her the perfect candidate for an internship at the retirement center.
Deficientadj. not enough in degree or amountI feel as though the sources for my paper are deficient.
Demonstratev. to do as an examplev. gives evidence forCould you demonstrate the dance move for me?This book’s use of words such as “grim” and “bleak” demonstrates the author’s mournful tone.
Demurv. to object toShe demurred at my request to transfer to a different department.
Depletev. to (over)use over time (usu. resources)The lost campers quickly depleted their supply of food.
Desolateadj. bare, barren, emptyThe moon is one giant, desolate landscape.
Devisev. to come up with (a plan)Lana devised a plan to make herself famous.
Dilemman. a problem, usually requiring a choice between two optionsThe main dilemma is whether to pay for a commercial or not.
Diligencen. conscientiousness; the quality of being committed to a taskDiligence and confidence will get you far in life.
Diminishv. to become smaller in scope or degreeThe itchiness of mosquito bites usually starts to diminish after a few days.
Direadj. hopeless and dangerous or fearfulWhen the police didn’t explain what was happening right away, Jane knew that the situation must be dire.
Discordn. disagreementDisputes over money caused intense discord in the family.
Disdainn. a lack of respect and strong dislike (toward something or someone)He looked at me with such disdain that I immediately knew the job wouldn’t work out.
Dismayn. hopelessness, stress, or consternationv. to fill with woe or apprehensionTo Nick’s dismay, he got an F on the test.Many were dismayed by the town’s implementation of metered parking.
Disparagev. to belittle or speak down toA good boss is stern but never disparageshis or her employees.
Dispatchv. to send off a message or messengerThe mother dispatched her daughter to their neighbor’s house.
Diversificationn. the act of becoming diverseLately, there’s been noticeable diversification of students at higher institutions.
Doctrinen. a principle, theory, or position, usu. advocated by a religion or gov’tDevoutly religious people often live their lives according to their doctrines.
Dominionn. power and authority (usu. over a territory)n. a legal territoryThe country claimed to have dominion over parts of Russia.Puerto Rico is a dominion of the US.
Drearyadj. sad, gloomy, dullThe gray clouds in the sky made the day feel dreary.
Dubiousadj. doubtful, questionableThe man’s claims to the throne were dubious since nobody knew where he’d come from.
Eccentricadj. peculiar or odd; deviating from the normShe’s a little eccentric but still fun to be around.
Egregiousadj. extremely badAfter cheating on the exam, Emily began to feel as though she’d made an egregious mistake.
Eloquentadj. having refined or expressive communication skills (in speaking or writing)His speech was not only eloquent but also extremely compelling.
Eminentadj. superior or distinguished; high in position or statusOur town made news when the eminent magician came to perform at our local theater.
Emitv. to discharge, give forth, or releasePlants consume carbon dioxide and emit oxygen.
Emphaticadj. very expressive; using emphasisHer emphatic smile told me she was excited to ride the roller coaster.
Empiricaladj. derived from experience, observation, or an experimentYou need empirical evidence to support your claim.
Endowv. to equip or bestow (usu. a quality or ability)According to the myth, the gods endowed him with the gift of healing.
Endurev. to withstand, sustain, or hold out againstI can’t endure this wait any longer. Will Stanford accept or reject me?
Entailv. to involve or includeA doctoral program entails long nights and a heavy workload.
Entrenchedadj. firmly establishedHer face will forever be entrenched in my memory.
Enumeratev. to specify or countI can’t enumerate how many times I’ve had to remind my students when their papers are due.
Envyn. excessive jealousyv. to admire and be jealous ofHis envy of her is quite obvious.She envies her coworker’s social skills.
Erraticadj. having no fixed course; deviating from the normThe car became erratic after slipping on ice.
Establishv. to enactv. to found (a business, group, school, etc.)They established a law that made it illegal to drive after drinking any amount of alcohol.Our group established a new branch in Chicago.
Evokev. to draw forth or call upHorror movies are great at evoking fear.
Exacerbatev. to make worse or increase the severity ofThe doctor told me not to run as it can exacerbate my knee injury.
Excelv. to do something extremely well or to be superior inShe was a well-rounded student but excelled especially in science.
Exertv. to put into use (usu. as effort)Don’t exert all of your energy at once.
Exhilaratingadj. invigorating, stimulating, or excitingThe music playing at the club was catchy and exhilarating.
Expendv. to use up (as in energy or money)Be careful not to expend all your energy in the first half of a marathon.
Exploitv. to use selfishly or for profitThe shoddy company exploited its workers by paying them extremely low wages.
Facilitatev. to aid the progress ofIn grad school, advisors facilitate students’ research and offer constructive criticism.
Feasibilityn. the practicality or possibility of somethingThe feasibility of her project was doubtful; she’d have to go all the way to Antarctica and back before the school year ended.
Ferocityn. viciousness, violenceThe lion is just one wild animal known for its ferocity.
Fiscaladj. related to (government) moneyFiscal policy is how the government uses money to influence the economy.
Flourishv. to prosper, grow, or make fast progressAfter one year, the tiny plants had flourished into a breathtaking garden.
Fluctuatev. to be unstable; to rise and fallStocks can fluctuate on a daily basis, making it difficult to determine when to buy or sell one.
Fomentv. to stir upThe civilians accused their leader of fomenting political unrest.
Foreseeableadj. capable of being predicted or anticipatedI can’t imagine aliens visiting us in the foreseeable future.
Franklyadv. directly, clearlyI frankly don’t see the point in learning to drive.
Freewheelingadj. carefreeHis freewheeling attitude often got him in trouble at work.
Fundamentaladj. the most essential or most basic partA thesis is arguably the most fundamental part of an essay.
Galvanizingadj. thrilling, exciting, stimulatingThe galvanizing performance left everyone spellbound.
Geriatricadj. relating to old ageI became interested in geriatric medicine shortly after my grandfather passed away from cancer.
Hostileadj. harmful, dangerousThe voices around the corner sounded angry, hostile even.
Hypotheticaladj. supposed; related to a hypothesisFor my physics homework, I must come up with a hypothetical situation.
Ignominiousadj. publicly shameful or humiliatingThe politician’s expensive campaign ultimately ended in ignominious defeat.
Impartv. to transmit, bestow, or discloseParents must impart common sense to their children.
Impartialityn. the equal and objective treatment of opposing viewsTo ensure impartiality, we require everyone to follow these general guidelines.
Imposingadj. impressive (esp. in size or appearance)The old mansion was imposing in its huge size and gothic architecture.
Impositionn. an unnecessary burdenIf it’s not too much of an imposition, could you proofread my paper?
Imprudentadj. not cautious or prudent; rashBackpacking abroad can be fun, but don’t be imprudent about money.
Incitev. to encourage or stir upHer hateful words incited anger in the crowd.
Indifferencen. apathy, emotional detachmentThe girl’s indifference toward her brother upset their parents.
Indiscriminatelyadv. randomly; with little or no distinctionLottery winners are chosen indiscriminately.
Indulgev. to give into; to satisfy or gratifyMy friend loves to indulge in cheesy romance movies.
Inferv. to guess, conclude, or derive by reasoningYou can infer from this quotation that the writer didn’t care for “pretty” language.
Innovativeadj. novel or new (esp. as an idea or invention)Her invention was incredibly innovative and won her multiple awards.
Insatiableadj. can’t be satisfiedA vampire’s thirst for blood is said to be insatiable.
Inversionn. a reversalThe culture’s norms were an inversion of our own.
Invokev. to call on; to appeal to (e.g., a higher power)The shaman attempted to invoke a demon.
Irreconcilableadj. incapable of being in harmony or agreed uponThe couple’s differences were ultimately irreconcilable, giving them no choice but to break up.
Lamentv. to feel sorrow for; to mournSusan lamented her missed chance at going to Europe with her high school class.
Locomotionn. movementPhysics involves the study of locomotion.
Lucrativeadj. capable of making a lot of money; profitableWriting books isn’t a particularly lucrative career, unless you’re J.K. Rowling.
Maliciousadj. harmful, spitefulThe malicious spirit drove out the inhabitants from their home.
Malleableadj. capable of being molded or changedChildren’s minds are malleable but only for so long.
Materialisticadj. superficial; focus on material possessionsMany people accuse Americans of being materialistic.
Melodramaticadj. extravagant or exaggerated (as of a melodrama)The melodramatic play was well liked by the audience.
Modestadj. simple and humbleadj. small in size or amountThey moved into a modest house in the countryside.I received a modest sum of money for my help at the company event.
Modifyv. to change, alter, or tweakDr. Nguyen modified the gene so that it wouldn’t carry the disease.
Momentousadj. historically significantHer win in the election was momentous.
Noveladj. new, innovativeWe are looking for novel ways to approach the project.
Nuancen. a subtle difference in meaningBody-language experts even understand the nuances of facial expressions.
Nulladj. legally void and ineffectiveThe government declared their marriage null.
Objectivityn. judgment based on observations instead of emotions or opinionsIn scientific research, objectivity is of utmost importance.
Obsoleteadj. no longer used; rare or uncommonHistorians assumed record players would be obsolete by now, but in fact they’re making a huge comeback.
Omnipotentadj. almighty and all powerfulGods are omnipotent beings who can control human destiny.
Onsetn. the beginning or early stagesAt the onset of her career as a lawyer, things were looking up.
Opinev. to openly express an opinionThe new employee opined at the company meeting.
Ornateadj. highly detailed and decoratedThat ornate silverware must be worth thousands of dollars!
Oustv. to remove or force out of (usu. a position or office)Sick and tired of putting up with his bad moods, the pirates ousted their captain.
Paramountadj. predominant, superior, most importantOur paramount concern is the safety of our employees.
Peculiaradj. strange, bizarreUpon entering the abandoned house, Kate experienced a peculiar feeling, as if someone was watching her.
Perishv. to die; to pass awayAccording to the news, nobody perished in the fire.
Persecutev. to cause suffering toThey will persecute anyone who doesn’t agree with their views of the world.
Petulantadj. cranky, pouty, irritablePetulant children are especially difficult to care for.
Pinnaclen. highest level or degreeMany believe that composers such as Beethoven and Mozart represent the pinnacle of classical music.
Pitiableadj. deserving pityThe frail-looking dog was pitiable, so I gave it some food and took it inside to care for it.
Plausibleadj. reasonable and possibly trueHer story is plausible, but that doesn’t mean she’s telling the truth.
Postulatev. to assertThe literary critic postulates that romanticism and naturalism are actually interconnected.
Potentadj. having great influenceadj. having a strong, chemical effectThe bald eagle is a potent symbol of the US.The potion was definitely potent—it healed my wounds immediately!
Pragmaticadj. practical, usefulIt’s not necessarily more pragmatic to study engineering than it is to study philosophy.
Precedentn. an example or subject from earlier in timeThis change in law is without historical precedent.
Predecessorn. someone who comes before you (usu. in position or office)My predecessor gave me many tips for running the office.
Prescribev. to command ordersv. to issue authorization for medicationsThe directions for our essay prescribe a length of at least ten pages.A doctor must prescribe you this medication before you can begin taking it.
Principlen. basic truth, assumption, or ruleRemember the universal principle: treat others as you want them to treat you.
Prohibitv. to command against, to outlawAlcohol was prohibited in the US in the 1920s.
Promptadj. punctual, on timen. a cue to begin something; instructionsv. to incite, propel, or cause to actShe is always prompt when it comes to turning in her homework.I had to write an essay based on a prompt.The possibility of a scholarship prompted him to apply to Harvard.
Promulgatev. to put into law or formally declareThe ruler will at last promulgate an amnesty with the neighboring countries.
Prosecutev. to bring criminal action against someone (in a trial)The suspect was prosecuted yesterday.
Provocativeadj. intending to provoke, inspire, or arouseHer nude paintings are considered quite provocative.
Qualitativeadj. involving qualities of something (features and content)I noticed a qualitative change in her paintings.
Quantitativeadj. involving quantities (numbers and amounts)We must conduct a quantitative analysis.
Quirkn. a strange habitHis biggest quirk is his love of old marbles.
Ramifyv. to split into two or more branchesCars ramified throughout the world in the twentieth century.
Rashadj. without attention to danger or riskHer rash decision to pass the car nearly resulted in a crash.
Rawadj. unrefinedadj. not processed; uncooked (as in food)He’s got raw talent as a singer, but he needs to work on his performance skills.In some countries, such as Japan, it is normal to eat raw fish.
Readilyadv. right away and without difficultyWater was readily available at different points in the race.
Reconsiderationn. thinking again about a previously made choiceThe judges’ reconsideration of her performance resulted in her victory.
Reformn. a change for the better; improvementv. to improve via changeThe reform made it so that only those 18 and older can legally drive.The government reformed its vague policies on marijuana use.
Refutev. to prove to be untrue, unfounded, or incorrectThe student refuted the professor’s claim in class.
Reinforcev. to strengthen or add support toWe can use these pipes to reinforce the structure.
Reluctantlyadv. somewhat unwillinglyMax reluctantly agreed to see the horror movie with his friends.
Renouncev. to give up (usu. power or a position)v. to cast offOur CEO renounced her position yesterday.He renounced his friend after he caught her stealing money from him.
Reproachv. to criticizeThe mother reproached her daughter’s school for making students come in during a blizzard.
Repudiatev. to refuse to recognize as truev. to cast offThe father repudiated his son’s marriage.She repudiated her son once she found out he’d married someone without telling her.
Retentionn. the act of keeping somethingWater retention can make you weigh more on certain days.
Satiatedadj. satisfied (usu. in hunger)I felt satiated after eating a snack.
Savvyadj. having practical intelligence or knowledgeMy brother is not very savvy when it comes to using public transportation.
Scandalousadj. morally offensive, often causing damage to one’s reputationThe scandalous politician decided it was best to resign from office.
Scornv. to look down on with disdainIt’s difficult for me not to scorn those who use improper grammar.
Scrupulousadj. paying great attention to detailI am a scrupulous proofreader and never miss an error.
Scrutinizev. to examine carefully and criticallyThe teacher scrutinized her students’ essays.
Secretev. to produce or release (a substance)Trees secrete a sticky substance called sap.
Sentimentn. opinionn. a tender or moving gestureI am of the sentiment that you should never give out your passwords to anyone.Even though I’m not a big fan of porcelain dolls, I appreciated the sentiment.
Sheeradj. so thin that light can shine throughThe curtains on the window were so sheer you could clearly see inside the house.
Simpleadj. easy; not complexadj. undecoratedThis math problem is so simple even a first grader can solve it.The simple beauty of the ocean is what makes it memorable.
Sinisteradj. ominous, evilMedieval peasants believed sinister demons could harm humans.
Solidarityn. the joining of commonalities or common purposes among a groupI stood in solidarity with other female students by refusing to wear the school’s sexist uniform.
Sparinglyadv. insufficiently, meagerly, or in a restricted mannerDue to my condition, I must eat salt sparingly.
Spawnv. to release eggsv. to call forth or generateFrogs typically spawn in ponds.The topic spawned an ongoing debate among his family members.
Spurv. to stimulate or inciteHer bravery spurred others to act.
Squalidadj. run-down, sordid, or sleazyThe squalid cabin needed a new roof and an exterminator.
Starkadj. very plain; devoid of any details or featuresLooking out at the stark landscape, I felt a keen sense of isolation.
Staticadj. motionlessadj. changelessThe ball is static.Her life has been static for the past three years.
Subordinateadj. lower in rankn. someone lower in rankv. to make dependent on or put at a lower rankThe subordinate officers work every day.My subordinate will check you in.You aren’t my boss—you can’t subordinate me to the role of receptionist!
Subsequentlyadv. happening later or after somethingI subsequently went home.
Substantialadj. very large in amount or degreeI was shocked to find a substantial amount of money beneath the park bench.
Substantiatev. to strengthen with new evidence or factsIt is important for scientists to substantiate their theories whenever possible.
Subtleadj. hard to detect or analyzeI detected in her expression a subtle hint of irritation.
Sufficientadj. enough; just meeting a requirementThese boxes should be sufficient for our move.
Surlyadj. unfriendly; inclined to angerThe bartender was a surly fellow who wasn’t afraid to start a fight.
Surmountv. to get on top of or overcomeThey managed to surmount the language barrier by using a translation app.
Susceptibleadj. to be vulnerable (to something)Children are more susceptible to certain illnesses than adults are.
Tactfuladj. skilled at dealing with peopleHer tactful attitude toward our class made her one of my favorite teachers.
Tautadj. pulled tightThe rubberband was taut and ready to be fired.
Teemingadj. abundantly filled (usu. with living organisms)Doorknobs are not as clean as they look and are often teeming with germs.
Temperamentn. usual mood or feelingsShe had a hostile temperament, making her intimidating to most people.
Tentativeadj. not yet finalizedWe haven’t made any official arrangements yet, but the tentative location for our wedding is Hawaii.
Transparentadj. see-through; so thin that light can shine throughadj. truthful or easy to perceiveStained window glass isn’t as transparent as regular window glass is.She was transparent about her plans to end her marriage.
Treacherousadj. dangerous and unstableThe journey was becoming treacherous, but they continued on regardless.
Tremendousadj. very large, good, or bad in degree or sizeTremendous news! You don’t have to repay your loans!
Ubiquitousadj. being everywhere at onceCell phones are ubiquitous these days.
Unadornedadj. undecorated, plainThough the dress was cheap and unadorned, it was by far her favorite one on the rack.
Underminev. to weaken or subvert (usu. gradually or secretly)Parents should take care not to constantly undermine their children.
Underscorev. to emphasize or give additional weight toThis sentence seems to underscore the overall meaning of the passage.
Undulatev. to move as ripples or in a wavy patternBelly dancers are known for their ability to skillfully undulate their stomachs.
Unilateraladj. one-sidedThe unilateral decision was deemed unfair by the other party involved.
Unjustadj. unfair; not justifiedThe court’s decision is unjust—he should not go free.
Unmitigatedadj. downright, utter, totalMy speech was an unmitigated disaster!
Unprecedentedadj. completely new and never having happened before; historicThe number of protestors was unprecedented.
Unveilv. to make visible; to revealWe plan to unveil our plans for the new company project on Sunday.
Urgen. desire or impulsev. to encourage or persuadeHe had the urge to tell his parents about his acceptance to Columbia but decided against it.She urged her sister to apply to Stanford.
Validatev. to prove or declare validYour selfish actions do not validate your feelings for me.
Viabilityn. ability to be done in a practical or useful wayThe viability of the solution is questionable.
Vitaladj. urgently necessaryIt is vital that you respond by the deadline.
Vowv. to promiseMy brother quickly broke his vow to never eat chocolate again.
Warrantv. to prove to be reasonableWanting to look cool in front of your friends doesn’t warrant breaking the law.
Yieldn. production of an amountv. to give way to or surrender tov. to produce or supplyThe farmer’s annual pumpkin yield exceeded 10,000.Cars turning right on red must yield to oncoming traffic.Our experiment yielded many unique-looking vegetables.

 4. Cách học từ vựng SAT hiệu quả: 3 Tips quan trọng


Giờ bạn đã có một danh sách dài những từ vựng SAT, vậy làm thế nào để học được chúng? Đây là 3 “bí kíp” bạn nên bỏ túi.

#1: Sử dụng Flashcards và Waterfall Method (Mô hình thác nước)

Một trong những cách học từ vựng SAT tốt nhất là sử dụng flashcards. Bạn sẽ quản lý được những từ muốn học và có thể ngẫu nhiên hóa chúng để không lỡ ghi nhớ từ theo thứ tự.

Chúng mình khuyến khích sử dụng waterfall method để học flashcards. Với phương pháp này, bạn sẽ được nhìn thấy toàn bộ từ vựng trong deck (tập), học từ những từ khó khăn nhất cho đến những từ đã biết hoặc hơi biết.

Đây là waterfall method:


Khi bạn đã tạo flashcards, hãy chia chúng ra theo từng deck (bạn có thể tự do chia theo cách mà bạn muốn) với 30-50 cards (thẻ từ) mỗi deck. Chọn 1 deck để làm Starting Stack.

Trong Starting Stack, nhìn vào các card. Đối với mỗi từ bạn biết, hãy đặt vào chồng Know It. Với từ bạn không biết, hãy đặt chúng vào chồng Struggled:


Giờ hãy cầm chồng Struggled lên và học từng từ trong đó (giữ nguyên vị trí chồng Know It). Hãy đặt cards mà bạn biết vào chồng Know It (2), và card bạn vẫn chưa biết vào chống Struggled.

Vậy là bạn đã có hai chồng Know It và một chồng Struggled:


Lặp lại quá trình trên, cầm chồng Struggled và học từng card cho đến khi bạn chỉ còn 1-5 cards trong nhóm Struggled:


Giờ thì bạn đã biết gần hết những từ ở trong deck của mình. Nhưng học một lần là không đủ, bạn sẽ phải học lại các card ấy.

Để làm điều đó, hãy kết hợp chồng Struggled và Know It cuối cùng (chồng gần nhất với Struggled), bạn sẽ được tập Working. Sau đó học tất cả từ vựng ở tập này. Nếu quên từ nào, hãy học đi học lại tập đó cho đến khi nhớ được hết các từ và ý nghĩa của chúng.


Tiếp tục học bằng cách kết hợp chồng Working với chồng Know It kế bên và học cho đến khi bạn nhớ hết.


Cuối cùng, bạn sẽ học hết các từ vựng SAT trong deck của mình! Hãy lặp lại các bước trên với một deck khác để học được nhiều từ vựng hơn nhé.

#2: Tập trung vào những từ bạn không biết

Nếu bạn không có thời gian để học tất cả từ vựng trong danh sách trên hoặc chỉ muốn học một vài từ cụ thể, hãy lập ra danh sách chỉ gồm những từ bạn không biết. Với những từ đã biết hay khá chắc rằng sẽ nhận ra chúng trong ngày kiểm tra, bạn nên bỏ qua và chỉ tập trung vào những từ bạn gặp khó khăn khi học. Khi đã lập xong danh sách, hãy sử dụng waterfall method để học.

Nếu không phải fan của flashcards giấy, digital flashcards (flashcard điện tử) có thể là lựa chọn của bạn. Anki là một phần mềm miễn phí cho phép bạn lập flashcards của riêng mình. Chương trình sử dụng phần mềm lặp lại khoảng cách (SRS) để hiển thị các thẻ khó thường xuyên hơn những thẻ bạn biết (về cơ bản, đây là phiên bản kỹ thuật số của waterfall method).

#3: Làm bài thi SAT Practice Tests chính thức

Vì đa số những từ trên đều được lấy từ official SAT practice tests, khi bạn đã học xong, hãy thử sức với các bài kiểm tra luyện tập. Việc này sẽ giúp bạn biết liệu thực sự bạn đã hiểu nghĩa của từ và có thể trả lời được câu hỏi đúng trong bài kiểm tra SAT thật, có tính thời gian hay không.

Nếu bạn lỡ mất bất kỳ câu hỏi nào vì quên mất nghĩa của từ, hãy học lại danh sách từ vựng của mình bằng flashcards và waterfall method.

Kết luận: Tầm quan trọng của việc học từ vựng SAT

Tổng kết lại, từ vựng không phải phần quá to lớn trong bài SAT. Tuy nhiên, bạn chắc chắn sẽ gặp những câu hỏi liên quan đến chúng trong phần Reading and Writing, vậy nên học những từ có khả năng cao sẽ xuất hiện trong bài kiểm tra là việc quan trọng.

Cách học từ vựng tốt nhất là sử dụng flashcards và waterfall method. Phương pháp này đảm bảo bạn sẽ biết tất cả các từ trong deck và không gặp trở ngại với bất kỳ từ nào.

Nếu không có thời gian để học toàn bộ, lựa chọn riêng những từ bạn không biết để học cũng là một ý tưởng hay. Bạn sẽ có ít thẻ từ cần học hơn nhiều, và có thể lựa chọn giữa flashcards giấy hoặc điện tử.

Dù cách học là gì, hãy chắc chắn rằng bạn sẽ làm bài thi thử. Hầu như những từ trên điều được lấy từ bài SAT practice tests chính thức, nên bạn sẽ được lợi hơn khi làm chúng đấy!

Biên tập: Hoài Thu 

Nguồn: PrepScholar (https://blog.prepscholar.com/sat-vocabulary-words)

Bài viết khác

Đăng ký ngay để được
tư vấn hoàn toàn miễn phí